What Is Electrification?

New to the Energy Transition? Here's What You Need to Know


electrification (noun)


the transition away from fossil fuel-powered systems to more sustainable, energy-resilient, electric technologies

“Electrification” means making the switch from fossil fuels to electricity to power the systems and technologies we use. This shift is also called beneficial or strategic electrification, or—more broadly—the energy transition. And it’s occurring all around us.

Early Days of Electrification

The term “electrification” may sound unfamiliar to some homeowners, but it’s not a new concept. Thomas Edison, for example, is celebrated for his role in the electrification of lighting in the late 19th century—among his many other notable achievements.

The first electric vehicles were introduced nearly 200 years ago. In fact, EVs were relatively popular in the early 1900s—until the success of the Ford Model T paved the way for gasoline-powered cars to dominate the market for over a century1.

Looking to an Electric Future

More recently, climate concerns and advancements in battery technology have combined to spark an EV renaissance. Meanwhile, electrification has continued expanding far beyond lighting and other early uses (like the telegraph).

Modern electric technologies are changing not only our transportation, but the way we heat, cool, and power our homes. Financial incentives for electrification available under the federal Inflation Reduction Act of 2022—as well as state initiatives and expanded programs through local utilities—will ensure the trend continues to accelerate. And while carbon-emitting fossil fuels remain the primary source of electricity generation in the U.S., their role will be dramatically reduced over the next 10 years.

Getting Started with Home Electrification

Wondering how to get started with your electrification journey? It’s easier than you might think to join the energy transition, and there are plenty of federal and local incentives to make electrification more accessible to homeowners.

If you’re just starting out, consider taking one of these increasingly common steps:

Swap Internal Combustion Engines for Electric Vehicles

EVs operate using electric motors that are powered by batteries, which can be conveniently recharged at home or at various charging stations located at malls, office buildings, highway rest areas, and other commercial sites. In the past, drivers may have been motivated to switch to EVs (or gas-electric hybrids) primarily by a desire to reduce emissions, but there are many more reasons to go electric today.

With an increasingly broad selection of models available at various price points, the latest generation of EVs may appeal to car buyers on many different levels including:

  • Superior performance – from quicker acceleration to better balance to a smoother, quieter ride
  • Advanced gadgetry – oversized touchscreens that display all critical vehicle information, integrated apps to locate public charging stations, regenerative braking systems that recycle energy—and the list goes on
  • Lower total cost of ownership – simpler mechanics mean less maintenance; EVs are also less expensive to fuel, especially when paired with rooftop solar panels
  • Increased energy independence – EVs equipped with bidirectional chargers can be used to power homes; states like California could mandate them for all EVs as soon as 20274
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Key Benefits of Electrification


Shrink Your Carbon Footprint

Reduce your climate impact by implementing modern electric technologies and producing your own clean power.


Increase Your Energy Independence

Make your home more resilient against increasingly severe weather events and worsening grid fragility.


Save on Energy Costs

Improve your energy efficiency, slash your electric bills and offset your upfront costs with public financial incentives.